Coco Fiber

Coir fiber is traditionally used to make fishnets and bind together frames for houses. Coir swells slightly when put in water, so it used to be used for binding and plugging the spaces between planks on hulls of boats. Marco Polo used coir to sew planks together for ship building. The best coir is used to make matting, rugs and carpets. Lower grade coir is used to make ropes, brushes and even household doormats that most people in the UK use every day to wipe their feet.

There are unlimited possibilities when using coco coir and coconut fiber :

Coco coir is a coarse fiber extracted from the fibrous outer shell of a coconut. Coir coconut fiber are found between the husk and the outer shell of a coconut. The individual coconut fiber cells are narrow and hollow, with thick walls made of cellulose. Coconut fiber is pale when immature but later become hardened and yellowed as a layer of lignin is deposited on their walls. There are two varieties of coco coir and coconut fiber. Brown coconut coir is harvested from fully ripened coconuts. It is thick, strong and has high abrasion resistance. The coconut fiber is relatively water-proof and is one of the few natural fibers resistant to damage by salt water.

There are many non-culinary uses for coconuts :
  • Coconut water can be used as an intravenous fluid.
  • The coconut coir (the fiber from the husk of the coconut) is used in ropes, mats, brushes, caulking boats and as stuffing fiber; it is also used extensively in horticulture for making potting compost.
  • The leaves provide materials for baskets and roofing thatch.
  • Palm wood comes from the trunk and is increasingly being used as an ecologically-sound substitute for endangered hardwoods. It has several applications, particularly in furniture and specialized construction.
  • Hawaiians hollowed the trunk to form a drum, a container, or even small canoes.
  • The husk and shells can be used for fuel and are a good source of charcoal.
  • Dried half coconut shells with husks are used to buff floors. In the Philippines, it is known as bunot.

Using coco coir for topsoil is proving to be more and more popular. Coconut fiber has been used for thousands of years. It was first discovered as a growing media in ancient India and China. Western civilization for years has used the fiber from the shell for making twine, mats, and brooms. But the pulp resembling peat moss had not been looked at as something to support plant growth.
Amazingly, it did not find a home for commercial growing until the 1980's in Holland. Dutch lily and rose growers discovered how good it promoted and supported root growth. When used in hydroponics growing, it was found to be superior to peat moss. Coconut fiber was better aerated and still held more water. Unlike peat moss and bark composts, Coco Coir did not break down or compact. Containers that had been filled with coconut coir four years previous were found to be at the same level and consistency.
Dutch rose growers in the U.S. and Canada were next to find that this was the answer for their new hydroponics support media. Due to the foreign competition, a new method had been adopted to produce roses that were as large as those being imported from Ecuador and Colombia. At first clay pebbles were used, then following suggestions and observations from Europe, Coco Coir was introduced. Trials using 100% Coco Coir soon showed that this was the ideal media for the hydroponics growing method.

Coco coir is superior to peat moss in both chemical nutrient value and in physical properties. Commercial growers in Europe and the Middle East have established positive agronomic benefits of coconut fiber use. Now, commercial growers in North America have begun to see increases in gains from using coconut coir.
In addition, unlike peat moss, the process of obtaining coconut coir does not destroy natural ecosystems, thereby making coconut coir a natural, renewable resource, and an environmentally friendly alternative to peat moss.

Coconut Coir and coconut fiber have many uses and has been shown to be an excellent choice to help with common agriculture problems .

Erosion Control Blankets for Controlling Slope Erosions :

The natural coconut coir material is having a very good application in erosion control blankets for landscaping. The mesh of woven coconut coir matting acts as miniature dams and prevent the seeds or seedlings which used to be washed away by rain and wind and facilitating the growth .The netting breaks up run off from heavy rains and dissipates the energy of flowing water. Once the growth of vegetation is occurred the function of the coir is over and the vegetation will takeover the protection of soil further. Coconut fiber also promotes the growth of new vegetations by absorbing water and preventing the topsoil from drying out Non-woven erosion blanket protects the soil from effective erosion and creating microclimates and mulching action. The blankets will be much suited for dry lands and low fertile soil. The applications are road embankments; rail embankments, river embankments and hill slide slopes.

Mulch Blankets :

Coconut coir due to its property can retain moisture for longer period. The coconut coir non-woven or closely woven matting acts as a filter allowing the water to flow across its plane as well as separator. The mulch mats will suppress the weeds and retain moisture in the soil, which will protect the roots from winter frost and summer
scorching sun.

Use of Coconut Coir in Agricultural Textiles :

Coconut Coir and Coconut fiber being having the strong characteristics of retention of moisture is preferred for the agricultural applications. It is naturally resistant to rot, moulds and moisture. To suit the specific applications the coir fiber can be used as thus or by making a suitable product, which adapts the specific needs. Coconut fiber can be converted to coir yarn and then to woven mesh matting, which is used mainly controlling soil erosion and conditioning the soil. One more conversion of coconut coir is to coir non-woven which is also used for controlling soil erosion and conditioning the soil by more ground cover and soil retention. Non woven coconut fiber is used in the manufacture of basket liners, mulching mats, grow sticks, cultivation mats for plants, roof green applications, portable lawn or instant lawn and
many more applications. The coconut fiber is also used for coco logs and coco beds for shore protection and stream
banks.

Natural Coconut Fiber Sheet

For centuries, people of different races and cultures have been using the outer layer of trees for bedding purposes. Today, simple bedding is no more acceptable by city folk; replacing them is the multi layers spring bedding. However poor ventilation, cleaning hassle and unbalance support of multi layers spring bedding is still a problem in today modern living, causing various sleep-related illnesses. natural coconut fiber to produce mattresses, hospital multi-usage patient beds, sofas, car cushions, etc which diminishes all the problems mentioned earlier, enables sound and comfortable sleep and reduces sleep-related illnesses. Products made of natural coconut fiber have a life span of between 20 to 25 years


Coco fiber production Process 

We collect coconut coir from farmer and wetted it by water. By conveyor, coconut coir come into machine of decorticator / fiber separator, afterwards coconut fiber filtered with Sifting Machine, to dissociate Fiber and dirt of coco fiber (obtained [by] 30% Coco fiber and 70% coco peat). Afterwards coco fiber which have been filtered put into Rotary Drying Oven use conveyor to ensure that rate irrigate from the coco fiber below/under 15%. Usually can below /under 12% depended from Relative Humidity. For that coco fiber wrapped with plastic so that water rate don’t increase. With low water rate it will free from mushroom. Afterwards coco fiber which have run dry we put it into Bale press with pressure 200 - 220 ton to get weighing coco fiber 100 - 120 kg / bale (dimension: 1100 x 400 x 700 mm). We use steel wire to fasten this coco fiber.

  

FUNCTION OF COCONUT FIBER

There are several function of coconut fiber:

This Coconut Fiber can be used to reforestation the desert field, for mattress for old people which cannot wake up from bed, where mattress of coco fiber able to circulate air so that not damp. Besides this, coconut fiber also can be exploited for the making of car chair, motorbike chair. Toyota Avanza and Xenia is one of the consumer of coco fiber that coco fiber as coat of car chair. Besides this coco fiber also can be used as raw material for vest anti bullet. When using coco fiber, weight of vest decreasing from 9 kg become 3 kg and price and also can be sold  cheaper than before. Professor from Malaysia have tried shoot it using  9 mm calibre bullet with 5 meter distance and this vest don’t penetrate bullet. Besides this coco fiber also can be used for the coco fiber   board, coco fiber pot, coco fiber paper, tray egg coco fiber.

PRODUCTION CAPACITY:

10 – 12 ton/shift OR 300 – 900 ton/month

PRODUCTION TIME: 1 Month after Down Payment received.

SPECIFICATION:

Mixed fiber (Bristle and mattress fiber)

Length below 3 inch 20%, upper 3inch 80%

Moisture : Below 15% depend of Relative Humidity

Impurities : Below 3%

Color : Golden Brown

 

 


  Search
  Enter keywords
  in the form below

    

  Advanced Search


   

Coco Fiber
Coco fiber or Coconut Coir Fiber are natural fiber taken from coconut husk then cleaned and compressed into bales mostly used as raw material for Car Seat filler, Furniture, Car Dashboard, Geo-Textile, Erosion Control, Rope, Packaging, etc.

 
   

Coco peat
Coco peat is the 'coir fiber pith' or 'coir dust' produced as a bi-product when coconut husks are processed for the extraction of the long fibers from the husk. Coco peat is the binding material that comes from the fiber fraction of the coconut husk.

 
   

Nata de Coco
The ‘nata’, when formed, is cooked in thick sugar syrup and often served with fruit. It is believed to be composed mainly of polysaccharides, probably dextrose, and to be cellulous in nature.

 
   

White Copra
Copra is mainly used for oil extraction and which is further processed into many different product such as cooking oil, biodiesel and oleo chemical

 
Copyright (c) taktis.com 2007